The first valve radios were mainly battery powered, as mains electricity reached homes battery sets slowly became popular apart from portable sets. (Although the first mains powered receiver appeared no later than 1925).
Many can remember taking the lead acid accumulator that powered the valve heaters to the radio shop to be recharged. Accumulators were sometimes know as the storage battery. A popular British brand was Exide made by the Chloride Electrical Storage Company.
A Table of Capacity of the WJ Exide Accumulator
|Current in milli-amps||2.5||5||10||25|
In addition to the low voltage accumulators the radio sets of the day required a HT (High Tension) battery to provide a low current high voltage supply. Such batteries may have lasted 9 months before being discarded. HT batteries had taps for taking different voltages. High voltages could be provided from either a single large battery or for 180V three series connected 60V HT batteries were used.
Some sets used a separate grid bias battery available in 4.5, 9 and 18V sizes.